Frontex Europol Agreement

Frontex, ↩ agreement on operational cooperation between the European Police Office (“Europol”) and the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of EU Member States access to 31.5.2020, Article 8, paragraph 1; 9 (1).↩ Frontex, called 31.5.2020.↩ S. Hartwig, “Quo Vadis Frontex: Crossing the Fine Line Between Prevention and Repression? Constitutional Blog, Access 31.5.2020.↩ Much of the Agency`s contribution to the fight against criminal activity is not independent operations, but mandated cooperation with other actors in this area.34 The “securitization” of border control operations has had the effect of treating them as security measures above all else; The data collected during these operations is therefore considered a valuable resource that should be dismantled for security reasons.35 Frontex can bring many things, especially in the form of information collected on Eurosur. The cooperation between Frontex and Europol is a particularly remarkable example. The first agreement between the two agencies was in 2008. It is interesting to note that this “strategic cooperation agreement” explicitly excluded the exchange of personal data and focused on the exchange of “strategic and technical” information, but it already contained provisions that are normally reserved for agreements allowing the exchange of personal data.36 This initial agreement was followed in 2015 by a much more detailed “operational cooperation agreement”, explaining the details of the enhanced cooperation between the two agencies. The exchange of information is no longer limited to “strategic and technical information.” Frontex`s objective is to provide Europol with the information collected on Eurosur and to make available to it the personal data of persons suspected of cross-border criminal activities37. The document stresses the importance of further intensifying cooperation.38 Given the increasingly operational role fronted by Frontex at this stage, the Agency no longer expects the Agency to integrate its intelligence, but to provide “boots on the ground” with the combined anti-crime efforts of the two partners. Europol, accessed 31.5.2020.↩ C. Moser, “A Very Short Introduction to Frontex – Unraveling the Trajectory of one of the EU`s Key Actors,” called 31.5.2020.↩ .